A Field Guide to Germs (Revised and Updated Edition) by Wayne Biddle

By Wayne Biddle

From the ravages of the Ebola virus in Zaire to outbreaks of pneumonic plague in India and drug-resistant TB in manhattan urban, contagious illnesses are battling again opposed to once-unconquerable glossy drugs. Public challenge approximately infectious disorder is at the upward push as newspapers trumpet the arrivals of recent germs and the reemergence of outdated ones.

In A box consultant to Germs, Pulitzer Prize-winning technology author Wayne Biddle brings readers head to head with approximately 100 of the best-known (in phrases of incidence, strength, ancient value, or maybe literary curiosity) of the myriad pathogens that reside in and round the human inhabitants. besides actual descriptions of the organisms and the afflictions they reason, the writer offers folklore, philosophy, background, and such illustrations as 19th century drawings of plague-induced panic, microscopic photos of HIV and Ebola, and wartime posters caution servicemen opposed to syphilis and gonorrhea.

From cholera to chlamydia, TB to HIV, bubonic plague to Lyme affliction, rabies to Congo-Crimean encephalitis, anthrax to Zika fever, and again to stable outdated rhinitis (the universal cold), A box advisor to Germs is either a convenient reference paintings to higher comprehend today's headlines and a desirable examine the fantastic influence of micro-organisms on social and political history.

Winner of the yank scientific Writers Association's Walter C. Alvarez Honor Award.

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Diarrhoea, gastroenteritis and throat infections may result from contact with contaminated water. Appropriate use of chlorine and other disinfectants controls most viruses and bacteria in water. However, the parasites Giardia and Cryptosporidium, which are shed in large numbers by 33 INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND HEALTH 2005 infected individuals, are highly resistant to routine disinfection procedures. They are inactivated by ozone or eliminated by filtration. Contamination of spas and whirlpools may lead to infection by Legionella and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Bottled or packaged cold drinks are usually safe provided that they are sealed; hot beverages are usually safe. Intestinal parasites: risks for travellers Travellers, particularly those visiting tropical and subtropical countries, may be exposed to a number of intestinal parasitic helminth (worm) infections. The risk of acquiring intestinal parasites is associated with low standards of hygiene and sanitation, which permit contamination of soil, sand and foodstuffs with human or canine faeces.

The adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation from the sun are the following: ● Exposure to UV radiation, particularly UVB, can produce severe debilitating sunburn and sunstroke, particularly in light-skinned people. ● Exposure of the eyes may result in acute keratitis (“snow blindness”), and long-term damage leads to the development of cataracts. ● Long-term adverse effects on the skin include: — the development of skin cancers (carcinomas and malignant melanoma), mainly due to UVB radiation; — accelerated ageing of the skin, mainly due to UVA radiation, which penetrates more deeply into the skin.

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