A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the by Francis M. Carroll

By Francis M. Carroll

In this unique and interesting booklet, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the us from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.

Established by way of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly turned transparent that ambiguities and blunders within the treaty introduced confusion and contention within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, in the course of the nice Lakes and from Lake more suitable to Lake of the Woods, within the center of the continent. This borderland, progressively filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and infantrymen, Europeans and primary international locations peoples - turned the point of interest of the main predicament in Anglo-Canadian-American kin for nearly sixty years.

Drawing on wide examine and using manuscript fabrics by no means delivered to undergo at the topic earlier than, the hunt for Boundary is the 1st paintings to completely clarify the efforts of the different Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant overseas makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The publication additionally offers a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the feel of urgency that at last allowed for negotiation of an affordable compromise cost of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A strong and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton known as it. choked with the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to existence a impressive time within the diplomatic and political background of either Canada and the United States.

Winner of the Dafoe ebook Prize, provided by way of the J.W. Dafoe Foundation

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Extra info for A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842

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While exchanging copies of the documents, Lord Gambier said that he hoped that the peace would be permanent. '64 And so it was. The Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812, was signed and sealed the next day, on the afternoon of Christmas Eve 1814. It is often remarked that the document avoided mention of the issues that brought on the war and that in effect it settled nothing. This judgment, however, is too simplistic. British North America - Canada - was secured, and no American soldier ever invaded it again.

Colonel Thomas Barclay had been one of the most prominent Loyalists to stay in North America, and his subsequent career in law and politics in Nova Scotia (where he had been Speaker of the colonial assembly), and as a crown representative and eventually British consul in New York, further enhanced his prestige. That he was also distinguished in New York social circles, and had married his children into powerful families on both sides of the Atlantic, improved his position in the workings of the border commission.

39 Albert Gallatin emerged as the facilitator in the delegation. A brilliant Swiss-born emigre to the United States, Gallatin had enjoyed a remarkable political career as a Jeffersonian and specifically as secretary of the treasury. He too remained linked to the boundary question as a diplomat, negotiating with the British in 1818 and 1827 and preparing the arguments for the arbitration of King William I of the Netherlands in 1830. S. opposition Federalist party was represented by James A. 41 President Madison later also appointed two other delegates.

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