A Grammar of Bora with Special Attention to Tone by Wesley Thiesen

By Wesley Thiesen

This is often the 1st complete linguistic research of Bora, a typologically strange language spoken in Colombia and Peru, the results of 4 many years of labor one of the Bora humans. The language has an extremely excessive variety of classifiers (over 300). those classifiers are utilized in quite a few how one can perform reference. via those classifiers, apposition is the first mechanism for growing referring expressions, instead of the extra cross-linguistically universal mechanism of constituency. additionally they supply tight intersentential harmony in discourse. The animate/inanimate contrast is pervasive, manifesting itself within the morphology, syntax, and lexicon. This quantity additionally contains a thorough research of Bora grammatical and lexical tone, which has a fancy method of sandhi with default tone being excessive, not like nearly all of tonal languages. The ethnographic caricature comprises dialogue of the original Bora sign drums. This learn may be of curiosity to all fascinated with typological matters, South American languages and peoples, or tone reviews. Wesley Thiesen got his B.A. in Anthropology from Wheaton collage in 1948. He and his spouse Eva labored for SIL one of the Bora-speaking humans from 1952 to retirement in 1998, dwelling a lot of that point in a Bora village. David Weber bought his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the college of California, la in 1983. He and his spouse Diana have labored with SIL due to the fact 1969. From 1972 to 2002 their efforts all in favour of the Huallaga Quechua language. He presently serves as an SIL linguistic advisor. The book's hide depicts a basket hand made through the Bora humans.

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This reduced the concentration o f people and animals, but many must still go considerable distances to make their fields and to hunt. Recently, they are making fields on closer land that was farmed 20-30 years ago. 2 The future of the Bora language Today there are few monolingual Bora speakers. A few elderly adults do not know Spanish well enough to be able to buy and sell. All those between 50 and 60 years of age are more or less fluent in Spanish for daily needs (although they still prefer to speak Bora).

This is repeated, usually five or six times. The starch settles to the bottom of the kettle. The water, which now contains the toxins, is poured into another kettle and boiled with fish or the meat o f small animals, hot pepper (or whatever) until it becomes a black paste. ) The boiling destroys the poisons. The resulting paste is eaten as a dip for cassava. To remove the excess liquid from the starch, it is put into a cylindrical woven reed press called a po:ahm. These are stretched with weights to squeeze out the liquid.

1. First, the call notice is drummed. This varies depending on whether one or more than one person is being called, and on whether the person (or persons) is instructed to come immediately or at their convenience. Second, the name of the person or persons being called is drummed, first the clan name and then the personal name (or names). Finally, the purpose for wanting the person(s) to come is drummed. 1 A Bora drum message: Come to sing! now LL ti$ha dicha. now LL ti$ha dicha. name tutavaabe chief Llicyahba name Llicyahba.

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