By Daniel Sivan
Ugaritic, chanced on in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay capsules (about 1250 texts) and dated from the interval among the 14th and the twelfth centuries B.C.E. The files are of varied forms: literary, administrative, lexicological. a number of Ugaritic capsules include parts of a poetic cycle touching on the Ugaritic pantheon. one other half, the executive records make clear the association of Ugarit, hence contributing significantly to our knowing of the heritage and tradition of the biblical and North-West Semitic global. this significant reference paintings, a revised and translated variation of the author's Hebrew book (Beer Sheva, 1993), offers with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The publication comprises additionally an appendix with textual content decisions.
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Additional info for A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
19:151). 14 I,42) - The reading may not have been Cya'riSu] (for which the spelling required is y'irS, cf. 81,26) but rather D stem Cya'am's'u/yu'arriSu] L'he requests", (it is less likely that the form is in the N Stem, see Tropper 1991a:356-358). ja'abbidu/yu'ab/zidu] (it is less likely that the form is in the N stem, see Verreet 1983a:237). 1 1,3) - The reading may be Cya'budu] or Cya'abbidu/yu'abbidu] in the D stem. 172,22) The form can be interpreted either [wa lii or lii/la ya'muru] or [wa lii or lii/la ya'amrniru/yu'ammiru] (see Bordreuil and Caquot 1980:345).
The readings suggested in this book are in square brackets while Proto-Ugaritic reconstructions are in parentheses. Thus, for example, the suggested reconstruction of the word 'ibr is ribbim], while the Proto-Ugaritic reconstruction is ('abbim). 6. Proper names comprised of two components joined by the tpiconjunction (such as @n rer 'amv) are taken here as two entities, though there are those who prefer to see them as one. This is noted in the discussion of the various dual forms. This page intentionally left blank CHAPTER ONE ORTHOGRAPHY The Ugaritic alphabet contains 30 cuneiform signs which express 27 consonantal phonemes.
17 11,241). 188,12,13. In this grammar, we shall separate words and particles by spaces. Occasionally the Ugaritian scribes separated lines by using horizontal lines; cf. 12 etc. The lines of a text do not necessarily correspond to sentence components or to the lines of a poem. Words may even be divided at the end of a line and continue on the next line (cf. most recently Segert 1987:283-288). 203,ll-12). Ugaritic writing does not indicate gemination of consonants. The doubled consonant is written with one sign only (there is no basis for the suggestion of Good [I98 1:119-1211, that consonants l,m,n,r may be written twice when geminated).