A Short History of the Bicycle by Nicholas Clayton

By Nicholas Clayton

During this hugely readable publication, Nicholas Clayton charts the entire background of the bicycle, a desktop that remains considered as the most productive technique of translating human power into movement.

Covering approximately two hundred years of its improvement, the writer examines the technological advancements that experience ended in the fashionable bicycle, together with the hobby-horse, velocipede, boneshaker, tricycle, the pneumatic tire, shaft force, hub-gear, derailleur and so forth. He additionally appears to be like at modifications in layout, no matter if for girls' motorcycles or for activity and off-road.The publication is stuffed with fascinating details and anecdotes and the writer tackles such questions as why the penny farthing had this type of huge entrance wheel or the that means of trail-and-fork-offset.

As the bicycle maintains to develop in recognition, either as an environmentally pleasant go back and forth resolution and for activities as various as triathlon and cyclo-sportive, this booklet will give you all of the solutions you would like approximately the most creative human innovations.

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Extra info for A Short History of the Bicycle

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In 1870, The Coventry Machinists’ Co. Ltd copied the Compagnie Parisienne’s variation of Meyer’s patent, where the spokes were screwed directly into the hub and secured with lock nuts. , running directly from the rim to the centre of the hub, and therefore stressed and unstressed on each pedal stroke. Even when made from best Low Moor iron, frequent breakage would still result and it took fifteen years to find a satisfactory solution to the problem. The first British wire-spoked bicycle wheel had been Reynolds and Mays Phantom of April 1869.

A. Venables sustained frightful injuries from a fall, while racing down Handcross Hill; he fractured his skull and dislocated his jaw, which together with concussion of the brain, served to make his an almost hopeless case. ’ Danger board, somewhere in Cheshire. ‘A younger brother of the well-known P. G. ’ ‘Fred Crampton had a serious smash, through the breaking of a hub lamp. Harry Swindley had a bad fall over a gutter riding up from Ripley; T. ’ BRAKES The problem of headers, croppers or Imperial crowners, as they were cheerfully called, put urgency into the search for a satisfactory brake.

A far simpler alternative to gearing-up was to increase the diameter of the driving wheel and some large-wheeled boneshakers have survived. In New York, A. T. Demarest & Co. offered machines with wheels of up to 45 inches in diameter and a 50-inch Demarest was reported racing at Union Course, Long Island. In London, Snoxell & Spencer advertised 48-inch machines made by the Coventry Machinists’ Co. but wooden-wheeled machines of this size were cumbersome and, as late as the spring of 1870, racing men in England, even where wheel diameters were unrestricted, rarely chose machines over 38 inches in diameter.

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