A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company by Barbara Belyea

By Barbara Belyea

Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing unit in June 1754 to iciness with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally stored a magazine during which he defined the plains area and took be aware of rival French investors’ good fortune at their inland posts. a replica of Henday’s magazine used to be instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even though they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what luck he had in opposing rival French investors. because then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s yr inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; in simple terms 4 copies, courting from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the diversities variety from version spellings to note option to contradictory statements on important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of a firm clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to help his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling regulations. Twentieth-century students have dependent their claims for Henday’s value as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A yr Inland offers all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a statement that reassesses the journal’s details on plains geography, humans and exchange.

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Shultz, 340; Cullen, 73. Moulton, 2: 8-54. Kline, 23. Kline, 21. Kline, 94, 137, 211, 194; see also Brown, ‘‘Documentary Editing,’’ 3; Brown and Vibert, title and x-xi. Simon; Cutler; cf. Nordloh. These articles are irritatingly brief; they are statements of position rather than developed arguments. Kline, 21-22. Reiman, Romantic Texts and Contexts, 170-71, quotes Tanselle’s response to debate on editorial principles: ‘‘The basic issues that confront textual critics and scholarly editors are unchanging.

But the process should not be conceived as a juggling act, each consideration pulling in a separate direction and requiring nothing but editorial compromise. Instead, fulfilment of all three considerations forms a sequence of obligations: satisf ying a new audience depends on fidelity of transcription, and this fidelity depends in turn on the editor’s textual awareness. The editor’s job is not to anticipate narrow academic concerns or public ignorance so much as to present the document as exactly and efficiently as possible, with a minimum of editorial emendation and intrusion, and with full and detailed notice of all editorial operations.

Tanselle desires is a literal text that with suitable editorial devices includes every cross-out, interlineation, comma, capital letter, and misspelling. . ’ . . Dr. Tanselle has no patience with the readability defence’’ (4, original emphasis). Graff and Reagor chart historians’ reactions. Schultz sees Tanselle’s essay as a turning point: ‘‘in a powerful indictment of then current historical practices, G. Thomas Tanselle accused . . ’ . . [Since the early 1980s] the new generation of editors has acquitted itself well.

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