Abraham and Melchizedek: Scribal Activity of Second Temple by Gard Granerød

By Gard Granerød

This publication, emphasizing Genesis 14 and Psalm a hundred and ten, contributes to the heritage of composition of the patriarchal narratives within the e-book of Genesis and to the background of theology of the second one Temple interval. Genesis 14 used to be extra on a overdue level and in steps: first, Genesis 14* and later, the so-called Melchizedek episode (ME, vv. 18-20). Genesis 14 is the results of inner-biblical exegesis: either Genesis 14* and the later ME originated from scribal job during which numerous prior biblical texts have served as templates/literary construction blocks. As for Genesis 14*, specifically 3 textual content teams have been vital: the desk of countries, the barren region wandering narratives and annals from the Deuteronomistic background. As for the ME, it's an instance of haggadic exegesis presupposing and with none prehistory self sustaining of its narrative framework. ME is the results of an assimilation among texts, Genesis 14* and Psalm one hundred ten, which assumedly at one element have been learn as a story and a poetic model respectively of Abraham??s battle with the kings. Genesis 14 has no worth as a resource to the historical past of the patriarchal period and to the faith of pre-Israelite Jerusalem. against this, it indicates how post-exilic scribes?? painstaking learn of biblical texts ended in the construction of latest biblical texts.

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In addition, in each case I will evaluate the differing data and discuss which reading probably best reflects the Urtext. By Urtext I refer to the putative result of the literary growth that has led up to the composition of Genesis 14 and that was the basis for the subsequent textual transmission. However, in the case of Genesis 14, a text I argue has been composed at a relatively late stage to fill out a Leerstelle,50 I do not find it reasonable to speak of several pristine forms of the text. 51 Initially I will also make clear that I use the apocryphal book of Jubilees and the Aramaic Genesis Apocryphon from Qumran only very cautiously when the goal is a text-critical one (that is, to describe a putative Urtext).

110:4. m; in Psalm 110:4b). m; was a personal name in the monarchic Psalm 110 from the outset, I consider another possibility as well. According to this alternative explanation, in the ME we have a situation in which an 20 Background, Method, Aim, and Overview originally marginal biblical figure (the Melchizedek of Psalm 110, otherwise not mentioned in the biblical literature) has been given a secondary legendary biography. 2, Alternative Explanation: Creation of Legendary Biographies and New Narrative Roles).

Moreover, if the proposal of Emerton, Schatz, and Westermann is taken literally, then it is clear that the allegedly earliest and most original part of the chapter, the story about Abram’s heroic deeds, is not self-contained. 4 The Textual Integrity of Genesis 14*: A Unified and Internally Consistent Narrative So, my examination of the arguments put forward by those who argue for a tripartite division of Genesis 14 shows that it is not possible to delimit and subtract any substantial narrative part except for the ME.

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