Aid and Ebb Tide: A History of CIDA and Canadian Development by David R. Morrison

By David R. Morrison

Aid and Ebb Tide: A background of CIDA and Canadian improvement Assistance examines Canada’s combined checklist when you consider that 1950 in moving over $50 billion in capital and services to constructing nations via ODA. It focuses particularly at the Canadian foreign improvement organization (CIDA), the association mainly answerable for supplying Canada’s improvement counsel. Aid and Ebb Tide demands a renewed and reformed Canadian dedication to improvement co-operation at a time while the space among the world’s richest and poorest has been widening alarmingly and thousands are nonetheless being born into poverty and human lack of confidence.

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The Organization of the Book Besides recounting the history of CIDA and aid policy-making, the chapters that follow deal with several recurring themes that have been summarized in this introduction. These include: interdepartmental struggles over aid programming, organizational and cultural changes within CIDA, debates about the objectives and developmental impact of Canadian aid, ODA volume and comparisons with other Western donors, choice of recipient countries, programming priorities, terms and conditions of Canadian aid, Canada's contributions in the sphere of multilateral aid, CIDA's relations with its domestic partners in the voluntary and business sectors, and the Agency's efforts to strengthen public support for international development.

Until the possibilities of self-help and mutual aid among the underdeveloped countries themselves had been thoroughly explored, and until procedures had been suggested to ensure that whatever external financial aid might be available would be put to effective use. 8 The government announced a month later, in June 1950, that $400,000 would be made available in 1950-51 for the technical assistance program of the Colombo Plan. "10 The Colombo Plan was in fact not a plan but a consultative group of donor and recipient countries engaged in government-to-government rather than multilateral relations with one another.

Canadian businesses, which had always been the main suppliers of goods and services for the bilateral program, showed little interest at first in this sort of responsive programming. Intermittent efforts to attract more attention culminated in creation of the Industrial Cooperation Program in 1978. Facilities for pre-investment starter and feasibility studies were transferred to the new program, and given much higher funding ceilings. As part of the thrust in the late 1970s to bring greater commercial returns from Canadian aid, INC set up a facility to provide financial and logistical support for firms seeking contracts from the World Bank and other multilateral agencies.

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