Ancient Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western by Graham Oppy, N. N. Trakakis

By Graham Oppy, N. N. Trakakis

The origins of the Western philosophical culture lie within the historic Greco-Roman global. This quantity presents a distinct perception into the existence and writings of a various crew of philosophers in antiquity and provides the newest considering on their perspectives on God, the gods, spiritual trust and perform. starting with the 'pre-Socratics', the quantity then explores the influential contributions made to the Western philosophy of faith via the 3 towering figures of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The chapters that keep on with conceal the the top philosophers of the key colleges of the traditional global - Epicureanism, Stoicism, Neoplatonism and the early Christian Church. "Ancient Philosophy of faith" can be of curiosity to students and scholars of Philosophy, Classics and faith, whereas last obtainable to any attracted to the wealthy cultural history of historical non secular notion.

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Apollo was also revered in his quality of Mousagetēs, that is, patron of the Muses, and the latter, as daughters of Mnemosyne, had a place of honour within the early Pythagorean pantheon; they were not only accorded importance in memory training and recollection (initially in order to preserve the memory of one’s previous incarnations) but were also believed to preside over the arts and sciences, especially astronomy and music (Boyancé 1972). 7 If this proved to be true, it could be one more important testimony for the practice of natural allegory among them (perhaps strengthened by etymological speculations of a Cratylian type), comparable to the one found some time later in the commentary of an Orphic poem composed by the unknown author of the Derveni papyrus (Betegh 2004).

But God has thought of this too; and in order to restore the possibility of our approach to him, he has built revelation into the scheme of things. The Oracles of the Greeks, as I noted, say nothing about the nature of god; the Hebrew prophets say everything. If commentary is needed, everything is clarified for the Christian by Christ, the incarnation of God’s reasoning, the principle through which the world was made in the first place. For a Christian, then, Scripture is a very different kind of thing to the religious narratives of the Greeks.

So the archaic preference of Pythagoras and his disciples for orality seems to have been defeated by the growing literacy of the classical period. All these difficulties amount to the notoriously controversial ‘Pythagorean question’, which is no less complex than the ‘Homeric’ one. Taking into account the particularities of the sources that inform us about the Pythagorean tradition, in my account of Pythagoras’ contribution to Western philosophy of religion I shall employ three methods: (i) identifying the elements of the tradition that could most reliably be considered to be part of the master’s original religious insights; (ii) examining the relevant doctrines attributed to the early Pythagoreans as a group, 3.

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